Components chapter three dissertation

A common mistake by students when addressing these questions is to again go into the analysis of the data collection and findings. This is not necessary, as the reader has likely just finished reading your discussion chapter and does not need to go through it all again. This section is not about persuading, you are simply informing the reader of the summary of your findings. Recommendations The purpose of a recommendations section is to offer the reader some advice on what you think should happen next. Failing to include such information can result in the loss of marks.

Including these recommendations as implicit suggestions within other parts of the brief e. There are two types of recommendations you can make. The first is to make a recommendation that is specific to the evidence of your study, the second is to make recommendations for future research. While certain recommendations will be specific to your data , there are always a few that seem to appear consistently throughout student work.

These tend to include things like a larger sample size, different context, increased longitudinal time frame, etc. If you get to this point and feel you need to add words to your dissertation, this is an easy place to do so — just be cautious that making recommendations that have little or no obvious link to the research conclusions are not beneficial. A good recommendations section will link to previous conclusions, and since this section was ultimately linked to your research aims and objectives, the recommendations section then completes the package.

Presenting Methodology and Research Approach - SAGE Research Methods

Your main contribution to knowledge likely exists within your empirical work though in a few select cases it might be drawn from the literature review. Implicit in this section is the notion that you are required to make an original contribution to research, and you are, in fact, telling the reader what makes your research study unique. In order to achieve this, you need to explicitly tell the reader what makes your research special.

There are many ways to do this, but perhaps the most common is to identify what other researchers have done and how your work builds upon theirs. Another obvious way that you can demonstrate that you have made a contribution to knowledge is to highlight the publications that you have contributed to the field if any. So, for example, if you have published a chapter of your dissertation in a journal or you have given a conference presentation and have conference proceedings, you could highlight these as examples of how you are making this contribution.

In summing up this section, remember that a dissertation conclusion is your last opportunity to tell the reader what you want them to remember. The chapter needs to be comprehensive and must include multiple sub-sections. A good abstract will contain the following elements: A statement of the problem or issue that you are investigating — including why research on this topic is needed. Different institutions often have different guidelines for writing the abstract, so it is best to check with your department prior to beginning. When you are writing the abstract, you must find the balance between too much information and not enough.

You want the reader to be able to review the abstract and get a general overall sense of what you have done. Is the focus of my research identified and clear? Have I presented my rationale behind this study? Is how I conducted my research evident? Have I included my main conclusions and recommendations? In some instances, you may also be asked to include a few keywords. Ensure that your keywords are specifically related to your research.


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Finally, you want to avoid having too many acronyms in your abstract. The abstract needs to appeal to a wide audience, and so making it understandable to this wider audience is absolutely essential to your success. Ultimately, writing a good abstract is the same as writing a good dissertation ; you must present a logical and organised synopsis that demonstrates what your research has achieved. With such a goal in mind, you can now successfully proceed with your abstract!


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Many students also choose to make the necessary efforts to ensure that their chapter is ready for submission by applying an edit to their finished work. It is always beneficial to have a fresh set of eyes have a read of your chapter to make sure that you have not omitted any vital points and that it is error free. The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation.

Writing your dissertation introduction, conclusion and abstract. But why? As a general rule, your dissertation introduction should generally do the following things:. One of the main purposes of the background section is to ease the reader into the topic. The research focus does two things: it provides information on the research focus obviously and also the rationale for your study. This is because it is essential to those who will be judging the merit of your work and demonstrates that you have considered how it adds value.

Firstly, aims and objectives are different things and should be treated as such. Usually, these have already been created at the proposal stage or for ethical clearance of the research project, so putting them in your dissertation introduction is really just a matter of organisation and clarity. These are:. In creating research objectives that conform to the above, you may want to consider:. If you can achieve this balance, you should be well positioned to demonstrate a clear and logical position that exudes competence. Your dissertation conclusion will do one of two things.

It may fill you with joy, because it signals that you are almost done. Or it may be a particularly challenging test of your mental strength, because by this point in the dissertation you are likely exhausted.

Chapter Three 3.0 Research Methodology 3.1 Introduction.

You may also wish to consider a section on self-reflection, i. This adds something a little different to your chapter and allows you to demonstrate how this dissertation has affected you as an academic. The research objectives section only asks you to answer two questions. These are: 1. The purpose of a recommendations section is to offer the reader some advice on what you think should happen next.

Ultimately, in this section, the focus is to demonstrate how your research has enhanced existing knowledge. An abstract can often come across as an afterthought by students. The entire dissertation is written and now there are only a few hundred words to go. Yet the abstract is going to end up being one of the most influential parts of your dissertation.

If done well, it should provide a synopsis of your work and entice the reader to continue on to read the entire dissertation.

How To Write Chapter 3 - A Guide For Chapter 3 Format

A good abstract will contain the following elements:. An abstract generally should be only one neat and tidy paragraph that is no more than one page though it could be much shorter. The abstract usually appears after the title page and the acknowledgements. As you write, you may want to keep the following questions in mind: 1. Want some help with a chapter of your dissertation? If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.

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